Zircon is separated from heavy mineral concentrate in the dry mill located at Tronox’s Chandala operations.

Zircon’s resistance to abrasion and high temperatures make it a key ingredient in a number of ceramic applications, such as glazes used in tiles and sanitary ware. It is also used in refractory applications to protect the interior of high temperature furnaces and for the casting of metals into various products.

Another important application is the production of a broad range of zirconia chemicals, which then in turn have a diverse range of end uses in ceramics, refractory, catalysts, coating and paper related products.

Some zircon is used as an x-ray filter and as a polishing agent in the production of silicon wafers for the manufacture of semiconductor components such as integrated circuits (computer chips).