Botlek, the Netherlands

The Botlek plant has replaced energy from steam boilers with steam piped from a neighbouring waste incineration plant, reducing direct energy consumption by 40%.

The plant has a strong focus on efficient use of raw materials, chemicals and energy. Its location in Rotterdam’s industrial complex, one of the largest in the world, creates opportunities for improvements based on co-operation with other plants.

The figure below shows the Botlek plant’s direct energy efficiency and the contribution of energy from waste.