KZN Sands, South Africa

KZN Sands mineral sand operation is situated at Empangeni in KwaZulu Natal.  The operation consists of Hillendale Mine just outside Esikhawini in Richards Bay and the Central Processing Complex in Empangeni.


KZN Sands employs about 700 people.  Hillendale Mine uses hydraulic mining to mine slurry for the primary wet plant at the mine.  The product of the primary wet plant is a heavy minerals concentrate that is transported via road to a Mineral Separation Plant (MSP) at the Empangeni Smelter Complex.

The Mineral Sands Products

Mineral Sands is a term used to refer to deposits in heavy minerals such as ilmenite, zircon, leucoxene and monazite with the Richards Bay deposits being amongst some of the largest in the world.  The most important naturally occurring minerals are ilmenite, rutile and leucoxene that are mined to produce titanium (TiO2) feedstock.  The minerals are either used as feedstock in their natural form or in an upgraded form such as synthetic rutile and titania slag which are produced through the secondary processing of ilmenite.

Safety, Health, Environmental, and Quality

Working safely is one of the highest priorities for KZN Sands. We are committed to developing and sustaining a culture, which supports the highest performance in occupational health and safety by encouraging behavior and implementing processes, creating a sustainable, healthy, and safe environment for all stakeholders. KZN Sands is dedicated to ensuring that the ISO14001: 2004 Environmental Management System, ISO9001:2008 Quality Management System, and the OHSAS 18001:2007 Occupational Health and Safety standard requirements are understood, implemented, maintained, and regularly reviewed.
KZN Sands 6 Monthly Environmental Report

Tronox KZN Sands – Air quality management plan

Contact details

Postal Address: Private Bag X20010, Empangeni, 3880
Phone:+27 (0) 35-902 7000

Processing Plant
Physical Address: Central Processing Complex, Melmoth Road, R34 Empangeni

Physical Address: Hillendale Mine, Moholoholo Road, Gobandlovu, Esikhawini